Developmental Milestones 2 years old
Developmental Milestones by the End of 2 Years

Movement
  • Walks alone
  • Pulls toys behind his/her while walking
  • Carries large toy or several toys while walking
  • Begins to run
  • Stands on tiptoe
  • Kicks a ball
  • Climbs onto and down from furniture unassisted
  • Walks up and down stairs holding on to support
  • Hand and Finger Skills
  • Scribbles spontaneously
  • Turns over container to pour out contents
  • Builds tower of four blocks or more
  • Might use one hand more frequently than the other

Language
  • Points to object or picture when it's named for him/her
  • Recognizes names of familiar people, objects and body parts
  • Says several single words (by 15 to 18 months)
  • Uses simple phrases (by 18 to 24 months)
  • Uses two- to four-word sentences
  • Follows simple instructions
  • Repeats words overheard in conversation

Cognitive
  • Finds objects even when hidden under two or three covers
  • Begins to sort by shapes and colors
  • Begins make-believe play

Social
  • Imitates behavior of others, especially adults and older children
  • Increasingly aware of his/herself as separate from others
  • Increasingly enthusiastic about company of other children

Emotional
  • Demonstrates increasing independence
  • Begins to show defiant behavior
  • Episodes of separation anxiety increase toward midyear then fade

Developmental Health Watch

Because each child develops at his/her own particular pace, it's impossible to tell exactly when yours will perfect a given skill.
The developmental milestones will give you a general idea of the changes you can expect as your child gets older, but don't be alarmed if he takes a slightly different course.
Alert your pediatrician; however, if he/she displays any of the following signs of possible developmental delay for this age range.
  • Cannot walk by 18 months
  • Fails to develop a mature heel-toe walking pattern after several months of walking, or walks exclusively on his/her toes
  • Does not speak at least 15 words by 18 months
  • Does not use two-word sentences by age 2
  • By 15 months, does not seem to know the function of common household objects (brush, telephone, bell, fork, spoon)
  • Does not imitate actions or words by the end of this period
  • Does not follow simple instructions by age 2
  • Cannot push a wheeled toy by age 2

Excerpted from Caring for Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5, Bantam 1999

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